My Experience With Beta-Casomorphin 7

Beta-Casomorphin 7

Why this correlation with a1 beta-casein consumption may be meaningful. 

Like morphine, beta-casomorphins are primarily mu opioid receptor agonists, and while it is BCM5 that has a structure more closely resembling morphine and is therefore theoretically the most potent; BCM7 can cross the blood brain barrier more easily (carrier facilitation), maintain effects for longer (longer half life) and has been found to directly affect significantly more parts of the brain (45) than BCM5 (18) or the gluten-derived GLM7 (3). BCM7 is only found in cow and human milk, but the bovine variant is approximately ten times more potent and the effects of human BCM7 are contrastingly positive, so BCM7 in this context is taken to mean bovine beta-casomorphin 7. Beta-casomorphins, and especially BCM7, have through various mechanisms been linked to a range of illnesses. These provide relevant insights into a possible mechanism linking BCM7 with visual snow. 

Direct Opioid Effects

BCM7 can cross the blood brain barrier: it has now been measured in blood, consistently found in the urine of sensitive individuals, and also healthy controls. For the very young opioids pose the greatest threat: early (bovine) beta casomorphin exposure has been linked with delayed psychomotor development, and cases of infant apnoea. Not all children are believed to have enough of a particular enzyme (dipeptidyl peptidase 4; DPP4) which breaks BCM7 down, and BCM7 is subsequently removed too slowly from the bloodstream.

In studies of autism elevated BCM7 levels have frequently been found in urine, and gluten-free casein-free diets have been shown to have positive effects on behaviour –  indicating that opioid activity in the brain may be augmenting these symptoms. BCM7 has been shown to affect brain activity in regions implicated in autism and schizophrenia, affect behaviour in a manner consistent with these diseases, and be attenuated with naloxone (a mu opioid antagonist) – highlighting the ability of BCM7 to cross the blood brain barrier and activate opioid receptors in the brain.

1 litre of milk can potentially provide between 300-400 mg of beta-casomorphin. This is a medically significant amount, especially for an opioid.
Milk can provide a high dosage of BCM7 (Woodford, K. (2007). Devil in the milk. Vermont: Chelsea green publishing, p.36.)

Inflammation And Immunomodulation

The absence of enzymes such as DPP4 and increased intestinal permeability are considered key potentiating factors allowing elevated levels of BCM7 to reach the CNS and brain directly. BCM7 however also acts to potentiate itself over time by worsening inflammation, immunomodulation, and altering the functioning of the enteric nervous system

Left – CC BY. By Hongxing Wang and Yuping Wang. “Gut Microbiota-Brain Axis and Mental Health”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 1.2 (2016): 55-60., right – CC BY. By Kelly JR, Kennedy PJ, Cryan JF, Dinan TG, Clarke G and Hyland NP (2015) Breaking down the barriers: the gut microbiome, intestinal permeability and stress-related psychiatric disorders. Front. Cell. Neurosci. 9:392. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2015.00392

Autoimmune response

In type-1 diabetes, an opioid mechanism is implicated (attenuated by naloxone) but BCM7 may also directly be an antigenic trigger for an autoimmune response, there are also such associations between casein antibodies in both autism and schizophrenia.

Epigenetics and Oxidative stress

Epigenetic change – change to gene activity (expression) without alteration of the DNA sequence

Oxidative Stressgreater production of reactive oxygen species (free radicals) than antioxidant defences

More reactive oxygen species or less antioxidant defences leaves the body vulnerable to disease
CC BY. By Pinazo-Durán M, Gallego-Pinazo R, García-Medina JJ, Zanón-Moreno V, Nucci C, Dolz-Marco R, Martínez-Castillo S, Galbis-Estrada C, Marco-Ramírez C, López-Gálvez MI, Galarreta D, Díaz-Llópis M, 2013 Oxidative stress and its downstream signaling in aging eyes, Dove Press ROS – Reactive Oxygen Species, AOX – Antioxidant Defences.

A series of studies found that BCM7 can inhibit cysteine uptake in neuronal and gastrointestinal cells. This inhibition leads to increased DNA methylation (decreased expression) of genes involved in redox and methylation homeostasis, altering DNA transcription. The result is oxidative stress and epigenetic changes potentially consistent with schizophrenia, autism, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s. For the genes they focused on bovine BCM7 decreased their expression (exception of GCLM) sometimes even more so than Morphine. By contrast human BCM7 increased their expression.

Bovine BCM7 decreases the expression of the following genes:

EAAT3 – encodes glutamate transporters which keep brain glutamate below neurotoxic levels

DRD4 – encodes dopamine receptor D4, implicated in vision and cognition

GCLC, GCLM – encode enzymes involved in glutathione synthesis

“CGL” (presumed to be CTH) – encodes cystathionine gamma ligase, enzyme involved in breaking down cystathionine, hydrogen sulphide synthesis and various  elimination reactions

CBS – encodes cystathionine beta-synthase, an enzyme involved in cystathionine synthesis

MTR – encodes methionine synthase, an enzyme involved in methionine synthesis

MAT2A – encodes enzyme which catalyses production of s-adenosylmethionine

LINE-1 (L1RE1) – encodes a transposable element of DNA

It was also noted that several additional contributing factors (to gene transcription), other than global DNA methylation, might be affected by opioid peptides. E.g. mRNA levels. A later follow-up study confirmed that BCM7 further affects gene pathways related to gastrointestinal disease and inflammation. Specifically DPPIV genes and mu opioid expressing genes can also be altered by BCM7 with decreases and increases respectively, potentiating its effects.

So, aside from direct neuromodulator and hormonal effects via the gut, BCM7 can therefore cause: increased glutamate activity, less D4 activity, more mu opioid receptor activity, inflammation, gastrointestinal disease, less DPP4, and more oxidative stress through epigenetic mechanisms.

The Bottom Line

Beta-casomorphin 7 has a wide variety of potent opioid and non-opioid effects.

1 thought on “My Experience With Beta-Casomorphin 7”

  1. Thank you so much for this information! My daughter is 12 and just got this rare disease Oct 2017, it’s getting worse week by week so anything helps. We are starting this dairy free diet plan to see if it gives her benefit. Thank you again !

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